Review of chemical peel for anti aging treatments

Skin appearance is the most prominent feature of the aging process and is the hardest feature to conceal. Aging skin becomes thinner, dryer and lax, all of which contribute to the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Regaining a younger skin appearance by skin rejuvenation is desired by most females and many males of the modern world. Consequently, a myriad of energy based skin rejuvenation technologies, such as lasers, radiofrequency or ultrasound have been introduced. Another alternative is chemical peeling based on chemical agents.

Anti aging chemical peel treatment

An anti aging chemical peel is designed to accelerate the removal of old, dead skin cells from the epidermis (the outer layer of the skin) to promote new cell growth, and can be used to treat a particular facial area (such as lines around the eyes or mouth), or all over the face. Some doctors are performing chemical peels on very delicate skin areas such as arms hands and neck with a greater risk of adverse effects. 

There are three types of anti aging peeling treatment: superficial, medium, or deep.

Superficial Anti Aging Chemical Peels

Superficial peels are intended for removal of skin cells from the epidermis and not going deeper into the dermis. It can be performed by some qualified beauty therapists as well as medical staff.

These superficial peels usually use combinations of alphahydroxy acids and betahydroxy acids like: glycolic acid, lactic acid, salycilic acid and maleic acid.

Treatment takes only a few minutes, and the immediate clinical result seen on the skin is pink color and a feeling of tightness for a couple of hours after the treatment.

As superficial peels only affect the top layers of the skin and normally need to be repeated on a regular base to maintain the effect.

Medium Anti Aging Chemical Peels

Medium peels are intended to remove skin cells from both the epidermis and upper part of the dermis thus creating controlled inflammation and starting a wound healing process which contribute to the recovery of aging skin. These peels must be performed only by doctors.

Medium peels are containing strong acids like trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and this is sometimes used in combination with glycolic acid. 
A burning or stinging sensation may be felt during the application of the peel and the skin may go brown or red in the days after the peel. It can take up to six weeks for the skin to return to normal. Dark skin patients should avoid this kind of peel.

Medium peels may need to be repeated every 6 months to maintain the anti aging effect.

Deep Anti Aging Chemical peels

This procedure should be carried out by a surgeon or dermatologist with relevant experience and  in operation room where the patient should be monitored constantly by a skilled physician.

Deep peels go deeper into the lower part of the dermis. They are performed using phenol and require a local anesthetic and sedative. The peel is applied to the face and may be left on the face for up to 30 minutes or more, depending in the desired anti aging effect.

Post-peel pain is treated at home with painkillers. Most of the swelling should disappear within 14 days, although there may be some redness of the skin for some time after that - up to six months in some people.

Patient should not expose the skin to the sun for at least three months.

Adverse effects

There are some risks associated with chemical peels, including infection, skin color changes and scarring. The treated skin may appear darker or be tight or swollen for a time. You must avoid exposure to the sun for some time after your peel, but your practitioner should give you full information on this and other aftercare, depending on the strength of your peel.